Volume : 8, Issue : 1, JAN 2022

IMPACT OF INNOVATIONS IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA: CHALLENGES AND SUGGESTIONS

DR. UMA RANI, DR. GOPAL SINGH, DR. CHANDESH SINGH

Abstract

Education is a purposive, conscious or unconscious, psychological, sociological, scientific and philosophical process, which develops overall personality of an individual. Education is a process both in narrower as well as in wider sense. Ancient people used to collect facts and information about nature for survival. This is nothing but education. In wider sense, education is acquisition of experience throughout life. Experience brings changes in human life and behaviour. It is a primary function of formal education to accelerate and facilitate social progress. Social progress means social change. In India, education system divided in mainly primary education, secondary education, higher education and distance education. There is four main role of higher education like: 1. Higher education as the production of qualified human resources, 2. Higher education as training for a research career, 3. Higher education as the efficient management of teaching provision and 4. Higher education as matter of extending life chances. There are many basic problems like inadequate infrastructure and facilities, large vacancies in faculty positions and poor faculty thereof, low students enrolment rate, outmoded teaching methods, declining research standards, unmotivated students, overcrowded classrooms and widespread geographic, income, gender, and ethnic imbalances. We need an educational system that is modern, liberal and can adapt to the changing needs of a changing society, a changing economy and changing world. The thrust of public policy for higher education in India has to be to address these challenges.

Keywords

EDUCATION, EDUCATIONAL PATTERN, HIGHER EDUCATION, QUALITY, IMPROVING QUALITY.

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